Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5485 (M. Neupane et al.)

Tunneling Tuned Spin Modulations in Ultrathin Topological Insulator

M. Neupane, A. Richardella, J. Sanchez-Barriga, S. -Y. Xu, N. Alidoust, I. Belopolski, Chang Liu, G. Bian, D. M. Zhang, D. Marchenko, A. Varykhalov, O. Rader, M. Leandersson, T. Balasubramanian, T. -R. Chang, H. -T. Jeng, S. Basak, H. Lin, A. Bansil, N. Samarth, M. Z. Hasan
Quantitative understanding of the relationship between quantum tunneling and Fermi surface spin polarization is key to device design using topological insulator surface states. By using spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with p-polarized light in topological insulator Bi2Se3 thin films across the metal-to-insulator transition, we observe that for a given film thickness, the spin polarization is large for momenta far from the center of the surface Brillouin zone. In addition, the polarization decreases significantly with enhanced tunneling realized systematically in thin insulating films, whereas magnitude of the polarization saturates to the bulk limit faster at larger wavevectors in thicker metallic films. Our theoretical model calculations capture this delicate relationship between quantum tunneling and Fermi surface spin polarization. Our results suggest that the polarization current can be tuned to zero in thin insulating films forming the basis for a future spin-switch nano-device.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5485

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