Monday, July 29, 2013

1307.6890 (Kitiphat Sinthiptharakoon et al.)

Investigating individual arsenic dopant atoms in silicon using
low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy

Kitiphat Sinthiptharakoon, Steven R. Schofield, Philipp Studer, Veronika Brázdová, Cyrus F. Hirjibehedin, David R. Bowler, Neil J. Curson
We study sub-surface arsenic dopants in a hydrogen terminated Si(001) sample at 77 K, using scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy. We observe a number of different dopant related features that fall into two classes, which we call As1 and As2. When imaged in occupied states the As1 features appear as anisotropic protrusions superimposed on the silicon surface topography, and have maximum intensities lying along particular crystallographic orientations. In empty-state images the features all exhibit long-range circular protrusions. The images are consistent with buried dopants that are in the electrically neutral (D0) charge state when imaged in filled states, but become positively charged (D+) through electrostatic ionisation when imaged under empty state conditions, similar to previous observations of acceptors in GaAs. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations predict that As dopants in the third layer of the sample induce two states lying just below the conduction band edge, which hybridize with the surface structure creating features with the surface symmetry consistent with our STM images. The As2 features have the surprising characteristic of appearing as a protrusion in filled state images and an isotropic depression in empty state images, suggesting they are negatively charged at all biases. We discuss the possible origins of this feature.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment