Monday, July 8, 2013

1307.1549 (F. Cadiz et al.)

Effect of Pauli blockade on spin-dependent diffusion in degenerate

F. Cadiz, D. Paget, A. C. H. Rowe, J. -P. Korb, D. Grebenkov, P. Barate, S. Arscott, E. Peytavit
In p+ GaAs thin films, diffusion of degenerate photoelectrons is shown to strongly depend on spin. This is a direct consequence of the Pauli principle which forbids elementary scattering processes if the scattered electronic state is already occupied by an electron of the same spin. Spin-polarized (40%) photoelectrons are created at 15 K by a tightly-focused circularly-polarized light excitation and the spin-dependent diffusion profile is monitored by imaging the luminescence intensity and polarization as a function of electronic temperature and excitation power. For nondegenerate concentrations the spin polarization simply decreases with distance from the excitation spot as determined by the spin lifetime and the essentially spin-independent diffusion constant. In sharp contrast, in degenerate conditions, Pauli blockade produces a spin filter effect which results in a depletion of majority spin electrons at the center and the appearance of a polarization maximum at a distance of about 2 micrometers from the center. Spin-dependent diffusion is directly evidenced from the observed dependence of the luminescence intensity profile on the electronic spin polarization. The results are in quantitative agreement with a resolution of the coupled charge and spin diffusion equations, using no adjustable parameter, and imply a relative difference of about 55% between the diffusion constants of majority and minority spin electrons and of 20% between their mobilities.
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