Wednesday, July 24, 2013

1307.6096 (Yusong Tu et al.)

Inherent fluctuation-mediated equavalent force drives directional
motions of nanoscale asymmetric particles -- Surf-riding of asymmetric
molecules in thermal fluctuations

Yusong Tu, Nan Sheng, Rongzheng Wan, Haiping Fang
Using a simple theoretical model of a nanoscale asymmetric particle/molecule, namely a charge dipole, we show that there is unidirectional transportation mediated by non-white fluctuations if the asymmetric orientation of the particle/molecule is constrained. This indicates the existence of an inherent equivalent force, which drives the particle/molecule itself along the orientation of the asymmetric particle in the environment of fluctuations. In practical systems, equivalent force also exist in the asymmetric molecules, such as water and ethanol, at the ambient condition since thermal fluctuations are not white anymore at nanoscale [Wan, R., J. Hu, and H. Fang, Sci China Phys. Mech. Astron., 2012. 55, 751]. Molecular dynamic simulations show that there is unidirectional transportation of an ultrathin water layer on solid surface at room temperature when the orientations of water molecules have a preference. The finding will play an essential role in the understanding of the world from a molecular view and the developing of novel technology for various nanoscale and bulk applications, such as chemical separation, water treatment, sensing and drug delivery.
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