Tuesday, July 30, 2013

1307.7347 (Motohiko Ezawa et al.)

Topological Phase Transition without Gap Closing    [PDF]

Motohiko Ezawa, Yukio Tanaka, Naoto Nagaosa
Topological phase transition is accompanied with a change of topological numbers. It has been believed that the gap closing and the breakdown of the adiabaticity at the transition point is necessary in general. However, the gap closing is not always needed to make the topological index ill-defined. In this paper, we show that the states with different topological numbers can be continuously connected \textit{without} gap closing in some cases, where the symmetry of the system changes during the process. Here we propose the generic principles how this is possible (impossible) by demonstrating various examples such as 1D polyacetylene with the charge-density-wave order, 2D silicene with the antiferromagnetic order, 2D silicene or quantum well made of HgTe with superconducting proximity effects and 3D superconductor Cu doped Bi$_{2}$Se$_{3}$. It is argued that such an unusual phenomenon can occur when we detour around the gap closing point provided the connection of the topological indices is lost along the detour path.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.7347

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