Tuesday, August 6, 2013

1308.0983 (Akira Oguri et al.)

Exact interacting Green's function for the Anderson impurity at high
bias voltages

Akira Oguri, Rui Sakano
We describe some exact high-energy properties of a single Anderson impurity connected to two noninteracting leads in a nonequilibrium steady state. In the limit of high bias voltages, and also in the high-temperature limit at thermal equilibrium, the model can be mapped on to an effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonian consisting of two sites, which correspond to the original impurity and its image that is defined in a doubled Hilbert space refereed to as Liouville-Fock space. For this, we provide a heuristic derivation using a path-integral representation of the Keldysh contour and the thermal field theory, in which the time evolution along the backward contour is replicated by extra degrees of freedom corresponding to the image. We find that the effective Hamiltonian can also be expressed in terms of charges and currents. From this, it can be deduced that the dynamic susceptibilities for the charges and the current fluctuations become independent of the Coulomb repulsion U in the high bias limit. Furthermore, the equation of motion for the Green's function and that for two other higher-order correlation functions consist a closed system. The exact solution obtained from the three coupled equations extends the atomic-limit solution such that the self-energy correctly captures the imaginary part caused by the relaxation processes at high energies. The spectral weights of the upper and lower Hubbard levels depend sensitively on the asymmetry in the tunneling couplings to the left and right leads.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0983

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