Wednesday, June 26, 2013

1306.5999 (Pavel F. Bessarab et al.)

The Effect of Hydrogen Adsorption on the Magnetic Properties of a
Surface Nanocluster of Iron

Pavel F. Bessarab, Valery M. Uzdin, Hannes Jónsson
The effect of hydrogen adsorption on the magnetic properties of an Fe$_3$ cluster immersed in a Cu(111) surface has been calculated using densifty functional theory and the results used to parametrize an Alexander-Anderson model which takes into account the interaction of d-electrons with itinerant electrons. A number of adatom configurations containing one to seven H-atoms were analyzed. The sequential addition of hydrogen atoms is found to monotonically reduce the total magnetic moment of the cluster with the effect being strongest when the H-atoms sit at low coordinated sites. Decomposition of the charge density indicates a transfer of 0.4 electrons to each of the H-atoms from both the Fe-atoms and from the copper substrate, irrespective of adsorption site and coverage. The magnetic moment of only the nearest neighbor Fe-atoms is reduced and mainly due to increased population of minority spin d-states. This can be modeled by increased indirect coupling of d-states via the conduction s-band in the Alexander-Anderson model.
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