Monday, July 1, 2013

1306.6689 (Toshiyuki Kobayashi et al.)

Transmission-phase measurement of the 0.7 anomaly in a quantum point

Toshiyuki Kobayashi, Shoei Tsuruta, Satoshi Sasaki, Hiroyuki Tamura, Tatsushi Akazaki
We measure the transmission phase of a quantum point contact (QPC) at a low carrier density in which electron interaction is expected to play an important role and anomalous behaviors are observed. In the first conductance plateau, the transmission phase shifts monotonically as the carrier density is decreased by the gate voltage. When the conductance starts to decrease, in what is often called the 0.7 regime, the phase exhibits an anomalous increase compared with the noninteracting model. The observation implies an increase in the wave vector as the carrier density is decreased, suggesting a transition to a spin-incoherent Luttinger liquid.
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