Sunday, August 4, 2013

1308.0199 (Ryuichi Shindou)

Topological chiral edge mode of magnetostatic wave in patterned magnetic

Ryuichi Shindou
A magnetostatic spin wave analog of integer quantum Hall (IQH) state is proposed in realistic patterned ferromagnetic thin films. Due to magnetic shape anisotropy, magnetic moments in a thin film lie within the plane, while all spin-wave excitations are fully gapped. Under an out-of-plane magnetic field, the film acquires a finite magnetization, where some of the gapped magnons become significantly softened near a saturation field. It is shown that, owing to a spin-orbit locking nature of the magnetic dipolar interaction, these soft spin-wave volume-mode bands become chiral volume-mode bands with finite topological Chern integers. A bulk-edge correspondence in IQH physics suggests that such volume-mode bands are accompanied by a chiral magnetostatic spin-wave edge mode. The existence of the edge mode is justified by extensive `band calculations' based on a linearized Landau-Lifshitz equation. Employing intuitive physical arguments, we introduce proper tight-binding models for these soft volume-mode bands. Based on the tight-binding models, we further discuss possible applications to other systems such as magnetic ultrathin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA).
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