Wednesday, July 3, 2013

1307.0372 (D. A. Ivanov et al.)

Anderson localization of a Majorana fermion    [PDF]

D. A. Ivanov, P. M. Ostrovsky, M. A. Skvortsov
Isolated Majorana fermion states can be produced at the boundary of a topological superconductor in a quasi-one-dimensional geometry. If such a superconductor is connected to a disordered quantum wire, the Majorana fermion is spread into the wire, subject to Anderson localization. We study this effect in the limit of a thick wire with broken time-reversal and spin-rotational symmetries. With the use of a supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model, we calculate the average local density of states in the wire as a function of energy and of the distance from the interface with the superconductor. Our results may be qualitatively explained by the repulsion of states from the Majorana level and by Mott hybridization of localized states.
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