## Phenomenology of Current-Induced Spin-Orbit Torques    [PDF]

Kjetil M. D. Hals, Arne Brataas
Currents induce magnetization torques via spin-transfer when the spin angular momentum is conserved or via relativistic spin-orbit coupling. Beyond simple models, the relationship between material properties and spin-orbit torques is not known. Here, we present a novel phenomenology of current-induced torques that is valid for any strength of intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. In $\rm Pt|Co|AlO_x$, we demonstrate that the domain walls move in response to a novel relativistic dissipative torque that is dependent on the domain wall structure and that can be controlled via the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. Unlike the non-relativistic spin-transfer torque, the new torque can, together with the spin-Hall effect in the Pt-layer, move domain walls by means of electric fields parallel to the walls.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.0395